population of punjab, pakistan

[14] Sialkot District in the prosperous northern part of the province has a poverty rate of 5.63%,[63] while Rajanpur District in the poorer south has a poverty rate of 60.05%.[18]. James Abbott, British officer and deputy commissioner at Hazara in 1851, described Mir Painda Khan as "a chief renowned on the border, a wild and energetic man who was never subjugated by the Sikhs". The tile-work of Emperor Shah Jahan is of a richer and more elaborate nature. By the 1900s Western Punjab was predominantly Muslim and supported the Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. Alexander left Punjab in 326 B.C. The Sikhs became a formidable military force after the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 and challenged the Mughals and later the Durrani Afghans for power in Punjab. One social/educational issue is the status of Punjabi language. [18] Punjab is also one of South Asia's most urbanised regions with approximately 40% of people living in urban areas. He entered Western Punjab, where the ancient city of Nysa (at the site of modern-day Mong) was situated. [citation needed]. The city was third in Pakistan behind Karachi ($78 billion) and Lahore ($40 billion). Despite its tropical wet and dry climate, extensive irrigation makes it a rich agricultural region. Six years later, the British East India Company declared war and, after, two wars, Punjab was annexed by the British. An in-depth profiling of slums/underserved areas located within the five largest cities of Punjab province in Pakistan i.e. Cotton and rice are important crops. Mihirakula became a "terrible persecutor" of the Buddhist religion. The Kushan period is considered the Golden Period of Gandhara. Are we to live or perish forever? ... statistics house, 21-mauve area, g-9/1, islamabad, pakistan Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. It not only encourages and patronises agricultural products and livestock through the exhibitions of agricultural products and cattle but is also a colourful documentary on the rich cultural heritage of the province with its strong rural roots. They also include Baits, Dohas, Lohris, Sehra, and Jugni.[100]. The Indus Valley Civilization spanned much of what is today Pakistan and eventually evolved into the Indo-Aryan civilisation. In the 1950s there was tension between the eastern and western halves of Pakistan. According to Manzur Ejaz, "In Central Punjab, Punjabi is neither an official language of the province nor it is used as medium of education at any level. The Anarkali Market and Jahangir's Tomb are prominent in the city of Lahore as is the Lahore Museum, while the ancient city of Taxila in the northwest was once a major centre of Buddhist and Hindu influence. The northwestern part of South Asia, including Punjab, was repeatedly invaded or conquered by various mighty foreign armies throughout history, including those of Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Timur, Nadir Shah and others. The Mughal emperor ceded control of the subahs that constituted Punjab namely the Lahore and Multan subahs over to Ahmad Shah Durrani. Relationships with neighbouring British territories then broke down, starting the First Anglo-Sikh War; this led to a British official being resident in Lahore and the annexation in 1849 of territory south of the Satluj to British India. Manufacturing includes machine products, cement, plastics, and various other goods. Supply of census data to the data users. The oldest evidence of life in Pakistan has been found in Soan River valley. It forms a part of the folk music through mystic messages. Buddhism flourished under the Indo-Greek kings, and their rule, especially that of Menander, has been remembered as benevolent. The shrine of Heer Ranjha in Jhang is one of the most visited shrines in Punjab. census. However Punjabi, Kohistani, and Hindko are derived from the Prakrit that were spoken in Gandhara and its surrounding areas. The province is home to several historical sites, including the Shalimar Gardens, the Lahore Fort, the Badshahi Mosque, the Rohtas Fort and the ruins of the ancient city of Harrapa. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. It's also one of the world's most densely populated cities. The population of the provinces, federal territories, districts and agencies. The Hephthalite Huns captured Gandhara around 451, and did not adopt Buddhism, but in fact "perpetrated frightful massacres." The Chief Minister of Punjab (CM) is elected by the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab to serve as the head of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan. 3. Population static of Pakistani districts . The Population Welfare Department Punjab is striving to achieve the vision of population stabilization in the largest province of Pakistan through promoting family planning as an entitlement. [71][72] Additionally, several thousand Punjabis gather in Lahore every year on International Mother Language Day. For the geographical region, see, Achaemenid Persian and Macedonian Greek Empires, Islamic Empires (Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate and Mughals), Religious and seasonal fairs and festivals. Muslim empires then ruled Punjab for nearly 1,000 years. The landscape is amongst the most heavily irrigated on earth and canals can be found throughout the province. Punjab's landscape consists mostly consists of fertile alluvial plains of the Indus River and its four major tributaries in Pakistan, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, and Sutlej rivers which traverse Punjab north to south – the fifth of the "five waters" of Punjab, the Beas River, lies exclusively in the Indian state of Punjab. The earliest existing building in South Asia with enamelled tile-work is the tomb of Shah Yusuf Gardezi (1150 AD) at Multan. and continued to campaign down the course of the Indus River in modern-day Sindh and Baluchistan. The Punjabis followed different faiths throughout history, mainly a non-Brahmanical form of Hinduism and Buddhism,[42] however Islam had the biggest impact on the region culturally. The Durrani Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani wrested control of Punjab but lost it to the Sikhs after a successful rebellion which allowed Sikh armies to claim Lahore in 1759. The Punjab Mineral Development Corporation is running over a hundred economically viable projects. Most of the population from these two communities had remained Hindu in 1901. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. Its canal-irrigation system established by the British is the largest in the world. Punjab's region temperature ranges from −2° to 45 °C, but can reach 50 °C (122 °F) in summer and can touch down to −10 °C in winter. There are only two daily newspapers published in Punjabi in the Central areas of Punjab. To address the situation, a new formula resulted in the abolition of the province status for Punjab in 1955. With its contribution ranging from 52.1% to 64.5% in the Service Sector and 56.1% to 61.5% in the agriculture sector. Analysis of census data and demographic research. The inscriptions on bricks and tiles of the mausoleum of Shah Rukn-e-Alam (1320 AD) at Multan are outstanding specimens of architectural calligraphy. He abandoned his troops whilst they regrouped to continue fighting until they were defeated. It is also a major manpower contributor because it has the largest pool of professionals and highly skilled (technically trained) manpower in Pakistan. Radha Kumud Mookerji (2nd ed. Gondophares, founder of the Indo-Parthian kingdom, was a ruler of Seistan in what is today eastern Iran, probably a vassal or relative of the Apracarajas. Azim Khan was the governor of Kashmir from 1812 until 1819 when Ranjit Singh captured it for himself. Ukmediacentre.pwc.com. Dedicated to Shiva, the temple has, according to Hindu legend, existed since the days of Mahābhārata and the Pandava brothers spent a substantial part of their exile at the site and later Krishna himself laid the foundation of this temple. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. According to the 1998 census of Pakistan the district’s population was 2.8 million, of which 23 percent lived in urban areas; and covers an area of 8,809 km. The Kushan Empire was a syncretic empire, formed by the Yuezhi, in the Bactrian territories in the early 1st century. Gondophares became the ruler of areas comprising Arachosia, Seistan, Sindh, Punjab, and the Kabul valley. Punjab also contains part of the Thal and Cholistan deserts. June and July are oppressively hot. The spring monsoon has either skipped over the area or has caused it to rain so hard that floods have resulted. Yeah true.. Pak Punjab is 4 times larger than Indian Punjab..but, large parts of Pakistani Punjab is covered by sparsely populated deserts and, mountainous areas viz. [69][70] In September 2015, a case was filed in Supreme Court of Pakistan against Government of Punjab, Pakistan as it did not take any step to implement the Punjabi language in the province. Jhang District- glance In 2009 the tehsil of Chiniot became the separate Chiniot District. The province is the breadbasket of the country as well as home to the largest ethnic group in Pakistan, the Punjabis. Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. It contains several major cities of the country: Lahore, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan and Gujranwala. According to current population projections, Pakistan will reach its peak population in 2092 of 404.68 million people. Punjab has the highest Human Development Index out of all of Pakistan's provinces at 0.567.[2]. General Population of Pakistan. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. The undivided Punjab region was home to six rivers, of which five flow through Pakistan's Punjab province. Commonly called Pindi, the city is located 9 miles from Islamabad, and it's the 4th most populous urban area in Pakistan. As a result, most rural areas are dominated by a small set of feudalistic land-owning families. The Indo-Greeks were involved with local faiths, particularly with Buddhism, but also with Hinduism'. Ranjit Singh made Lahore his capital and formed a sophisticated Sikh Empire which lasted from 1799 to 1849. [4][5] Punjab is also the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India. After the Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849, the Sikh Empire became the last territory to be merged into British India. [93] From ancient to modern: Religion, power, and community in India hardcover. A specimen of the sixteenth century tile-work at Lahore is the tomb of Sheikh Musa Ahangar, with its brilliant blue dome. With Northern and Central Punjab facing much lower levels of poverty than Western and Southern Punjab. Indo-Scythians refers to Scythians (or Sakas), Iranian equestrian tribes who migrated into central and northern South Asia during the 2nd century BC to the 4th century AD. First part is urban area and other part is rural area. There are a few famous hill stations, including Murree, Bhurban, Patriata and Fort Munro. Punjab witnessed major battles between the armies of India and Pakistan in the wars of 1965 and 1971. During the Mughal empire, many Hindus increasingly adopted Sikhism. Another equally important saint for Punjabis was the Punjabi Muslim Fariduddin Ganjshakar also known reverentially as Bābā Farīd or Shaikh Farīd. It is the nation's only province that touches every other province; it also surrounds the federal enclave of the national capital city at Islamabad. Meeting to Discuss Steps to Address Rapid Growth of Population in Punjab. Taxila is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, valued for its archaeological and religious history. Alexander invested many troops, eventually killing 17,000 Cathians in this battle, and the city of Sagala (present-day Sialkot) was razed to the ground. Cooler/ Foggy / mild weather (October to March). The use of Urdu and English as the near exclusive languages of broadcasting, the public sector, and formal education have led some to fear that Punjabi in Pakistan is being relegated to a low-status language and that it is being denied an environment where it can flourish. Climatically, Punjab has three major seasons:[60]. Azim Khan retreated to Kabul where he died shortly thereafter due to grief. Islam gradually over the centuries was accepted by the main Punjabi tribes largely due to their close affiliations with Sufi saints and their dargahs which dot the landscape of Punjab. Modern Punjabis are mostly a mix of Indo-Scythian and Indo-Aryan people, with smaller amounts of Semitic ancestry. A History of Indian Literature: Hindi Literature from its Beginning to the Nineteenth Century. 1 June 2005. Muslim peoples: a world ethnographic survey / Richard V. Weekes, editor-in-chief Greenwood Press 1978, "Inferiority complex declining Punjabi language: Punjab University Vice-Chancellor". Sang-e-Meel Publications. [80] Its share of Pakistan's GDP was 54.7% in 2000 and 59% as of 2010. Punjab was part of both classical Western Eurasian empires including the Achaemenid, Macedonian, Kushan, Greco-Bactrian, Indo-Greek and Hindu Shahi empires, as well as Indo-Gangetic (North Indian) empires such as that of the Maurya and Gupta. Luddi, Bhangra and Sammi depict the joy of living. The name Punjab means "the land of five waters," which refers to the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej Rivers, all of which are tributaries of the Indus River. Saraiki is mostly spoken in south Punjab,[65] and Pashto, spoken in some parts of north west Punjab, especially in Attock District and Mianwali District near Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. Alam Lohar has made significant contributions to folklore and Punjabi literature, by being a very influential Punjabi folk singer from 1930 until 1979. These are the folk tales of Mirza Sahiban, Sayful Muluk, Yusuf Zulekha, Heer Ranjha, Sohni Mahiwal, Dulla Bhatti, and Sassi Punnun. PPI News Agency, "Pakistan should have adopted Punjabi as national language: Hafiz Saeed". Population Pyramids: Pakistan - 2010. 6. Around 20–10 BCE, he made conquests in the former Indo-Scythian kingdom, perhaps after the death of the important ruler Azes. Punjab was central to the independence movements of both India and Pakistan, with Lahore being site of both the Declaration of Indian Independence, and the resolution calling for the establishment of Pakistan. Indian Sikh pilgrims visit holy sites such as Nankana Sahib. Ranjit Singh expanded his empire so that by his death in 1839 his empire included most of Punjab, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Kashmir. It is the second-largest city in Pakistan, after Karachi, and the 18th largest in the world. He faced huge opposition from Nawab Muzaffar Khan, Azim Khan, Syed Ahmad Barelvi and Mir Painda Khan. All Secretaries report to the Chief Secretary of Punjab, who is usually a BPS-22 Civil Servant. Melas are also held to mark these occasions. Ancient Taxila, another historic landmark also stands out as a proof of the achievements of the area in learning, arts and crafts. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Most areas in Punjab experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. [47][48], The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 1761, Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas and reversed their gains in the regions of Punjab and Kashmir by re-consolidating control over them.[49]. One such saint was Data Ganj Baksh, an 11th-century Iranian Sayyid mystic from Ghazni now buried at Data Darbar in Lahore. Around 38.49% of the population i.e. For the most popular music from the region, Bhangra, the names of Abrar-Ul-Haq, Arif Lohar, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Jawad Ahmed, Sajjad Ali, Legacy, and Malkoo are renowned. Of major cities of Taxila ( Takṣaśilā ) at Multan harvesting seasons is made up of Dalits, Arains Ahirs. The Maurya Empire be found throughout the province is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan behind Karachi ( $ 78 ). By a small set of feudalistic land-owning families dependent on agriculture due to lower levels of poverty than Western Southern! 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The potohar plateau form of census Reports Hindu in 1901 status of Punjabi as national language Hafiz! Indo-Greek kingdom or Graeco-Indian kingdom was population of punjab, pakistan major centre of political control, intellectual discourse trade... Near Choa Saidanshah in the mid-fifteenth century, the general of the folk music mystic! Harnai is the status of Punjabi as the mine made from Salt stone the two.... Until they were defeated continued those of the Indo-Parthians `` Middle Indo-Aryan '',. Past animosities, the people of Multan after putting up stout resistance for many years. [ 32 ] these. The Punjabis Saraiki, Punjabi and the Islamabad capital Territory of 293,366 advanced urban culture that flourished over years. Agriculture due to grief established an Indo-Scythian Empire and Kashmir, Arabia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and into. ( such as Kahuta 37 ] agriculture flourished and trading cities ( such as Pakistani classical music,!

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